Using Connection Pool

Using Connection Pooling

CppDB provides two ways to use connection pooling:

  1. Transparent - by setting a connection string option "@pool_size=N" where N is positive integer.
  2. Direct - by using cppdb::pool object directly.

The first is the most simple case, it works fully transparently and only thing that should be changed is a connection string. Such that

cppdb::session sql("sqlite3:db=test.db;@pool_size=10");

Would automatically use connections pool and not require using any additional effort.

On the other hand it has its own downsides - use of global singleton instance of the connections. It may give a chance that unrelated components of same software that use same connection string may interfere each other, set different connection options, etc.

So libraries should prefer to use explicit pool object.

// Create the pool
cppdb::pool::pointer my_pool = cppdb::pool::create("sqlite3:db=test.db");

// Use the pool
cppdb::session sql(my_pool->open());
// When sql is destroyed the
// connection is returned to the pool

This allows to use pool outside the global cppdb::connections_manager.

Configuring a Connection

It is useful to be able to setup some generic session options that are usually set only once and kept during all the session. It may be things like transaction isolation level, durability options and more.

When you use connections pool it would be very useful to distinguish between the newly created connection and other, recycled from the pool.

It can be done using cppdb::session::once_called() member function or simply by using cppdb::session::once() function with a callback that is promised to be called only once per new connection.

For example:

void config(cppdb::session &sql)
  sql << "PRAGMA read_uncommited=1" << cppdb::exec;

cppdb::session sql(conn_str);
sql.once(config); // called for new connections only
sql << ... ;

Please note that any function like object that receive as a parameter the sql sesion can be used as callback:

struct config {
  int uncommited;
  void operator()(cppdb::session &sql) const // operator ()
    sql << "PRAGMA read_uncommited=?" << uncommited << cppdb::exec;
  config(int val ) : uncommited(val)

cppdb::session sql(conn_str);
sql.once(config(commit_mode)); // called for new connections only
sql << ... ;

Connection Specific Data

If more complex configuration of the session is required it is possible to associate any user object with a connection using cppdb::connection_specific_data.

User can derive his own classes from it and store it withing a connection object. For example

struct my_data : public cppdb::connection_specific_data {
  int foo;
  std::string bar 

my_data *p=sql.get_specific<my_data>();
// check if it exists
if(!p) { 
   // if not create one and assign one
   p = new my_data();
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